What are standard roof shingles made of?

The composition can vary, but asphalt shingles usually consist of mineral fiber and cementitious fillers. It has been revealed in studies that asphalt makes up only 5 percent to as much as 35 percent of the shingle. This material is also called ACM, or “Asphalt Containing Material.”

What is the most common type of roof shingle?

The most common residential roofing material used in the United States, asphalt shingles are popular because they are economical and easy to install. These shingles can be reinforced with fiberglass or organic materials (cellulose) without changing the appearance of the shingle.

How can you tell the difference between asphalt and fiberglass shingles?

There are two types of asphalt shingles: fiberglass and organic. Both have an asphalt exterior, but the difference between the two lies in the base of the shingle. Fiberglass shingles have a fiberglass mat, while organic shingles have a mat made from some kind of wood product, usually paper.

What are new shingles made of?

The granules added to asphalt shingles provide color variety and UV protection. Typically, asphalt shingles are composed of layers: a base mat, layer of waterproofing asphalt, and a layer of ceramic granules. While there are many types of asphalt shingles, they also come in fiberglass or organic makeup.

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How do I know what kind of shingles I have?

Check the purchase or repair documents for the roof. You may have receipts, warranties, bills of sales, or brochures that identify the brand. If there were any shingles left over when the roof was installed, see if the package provides information.

What is the difference between asphalt shingles and architectural?

Durability. Three-tab shingles are relatively thin as they are made up of a single layer of materials. Architectural shingles, however, have two asphalt shingles stripes laminated together. This layering creates a shingle that is better suited to hold up against the elements.

What shingles last the longest?

Asphalt Shingles: typically, asphalt shingles last about 20 years; however, higher-quality asphalt shingles are warrantied for up to 50 years. Expect to pay more for a premium, long-life product. Architectural Asphalt: these products last about 30 years on average.

Are all asphalt shingles fiberglass?

Asphalt shingles come in two varieties: fiberglass and organic. Fiberglass shingles are made of a woven fiberglass base mat, covered with a waterproof asphalt coating, and topped with ceramic granules that shield the product from harmful UV rays.

Are GAF shingles fiberglass?

GAF’s Timberline shingle is not only North America’s best-selling fiberglass-asphalt shingle, it is also rated #1 in shingle quality by home builders in 9 out of the last 11 years.

Are fiberglass shingles toxic?

No, modern day shingles are not toxic. However, if you roof was installed with shingles made before 1989 then it may contain asbestos which is classified as a carcinogen that must be handled as a hazardous material.

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