First, contractors attach base sheets to the roof’s subsystem using roofing nails. Then, they use tar, concrete, adhesive, or asphalt to glue down felt over the top of the base sheeting. Next, roofers install a layer of gravel or cap sheets, which they then cover with a final layer of asphalt.
How much does a built up roof cost?
The average roofing installation price for a tar and gravel (built up) roof costs anywhere between $3,750 to $6,750 depending on the slope, pitch, and size of your roof. You can expect to pay $2.50 to $4.00 per sq. foot or $250 to $400 per square installed on a standard sized single story home.
What does it mean that a roof is built up?
Built-up systems are installed by alternating layers of asphalt or tar and supporting fabrics directly onto the roof. You can choose the number of layers (or plies) that are installed. The final layer of a built-up roofing system consists of stone or gravel.
How many layers does a built up roof have?
Built-up roofing systems are most commonly applied with three or four layers of roofing materials to make up the complete roofing system. These layers are typically a base sheet, a fiber sheet, and then either one or two layers of bitumen.
What does built up roofing look like?
Built-up roofing, also called BUR, is the most common roofing material used on low-slope roofs. It is composed of alternating layers of reinforcing fabric and bitumen (asphalt) and is finished with a top layer of aggregate, such as stone or gravel.
What is the purpose of gravel on a built up roof?
Gravel is added on top of tar (and sometimes Single-Ply EPDM) roof systems as protection from UV rays, foot traffic, and wear from weather. If the gravel stones break down, they become less effective and leave your important roof layers prone to wear and damage.
What is gravel roofing?
Built-up roofs or BURs (also called a tar and gravel roof) is a well-established and popular style of flat roof that is made up of alternating layers of roofing felt or fiberglass and asphalt that is applied with heat, which combines to make a long-lasting sturdy roofing system.
Can a built-up roof be repaired?
The first step in repairing your built-up asphalt roof system is to clean the surface of the roof. This is a critical step and will ensure that your patch adheres properly to the surface and not to the dirt or stone that is on or embedded in the surface of the roof.
What is a 3 ply built-up roof?
A 3-Ply Hybrid BUR differs from other membrane options due to its combination of a 1ply base sheet with two plies of glass felt that enhances the performance of the membrane with a quicker installation time and less weight on the roofing system itself.
What is 4 ply built-up roofing?
A 4-Ply roofing system involves roofing felts that are typically four plies composed of layers of reinforcement such as fiberglass or polyester felts, with each ply being embedded in a full bed of hot asphalt/bitumen.
How thick is built-up roofing?
How thick is built-up roofing? A BUR roof system comes in multiple layers, most often between two and four. The thickness depends on the materials used and the number of built-up roofing layers applied, but typically the selvage area ranges between two to four inches.
What is PVC roofing?
PVC is a high quality, durable option for commercial roofs. … Made from polyvinyl chloride (or in layman’s terms, plastic), PVC is a great single-ply roofing solution. It’s made from a lower percentage of oil and petroleum than thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) or ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM).
What is bitumen roofing?
Bitumen roofs are one of the longer lasting types of flat roofing materials, easily lasting 20 years or more. Regardless of how the material is applied (self-adhesive sheets, hot-mopped asphalt, or cold-applied adhesives) the seams are usually melted together which help stop leaks. … Bitumen roof is also very durable.
What is the difference between built up roofing and single ply roofing?
Built-up systems are installed by alternating layers of asphalt or tar and supporting fabrics directly onto the roof. You can choose the number of layers (or plies) that are installed. … Single-Ply Membrane Roofing Systems have been the go-to roofing for commercial, industrial, and manufacturing facilities for decades.
What is a flat built up roof?
A built-up roof, most of the time referred to as BUR, is a time-tested roofing system typically comprised of hot tar and gravel. It is made up of many layers and typically the top layer is where the tar and gravel lie. … Of all the flat roof options available today, BUR has been around the longest.
Is TPO better than tar and gravel?
We most certainly advise customer to use TPO instead of a Tar & Gravel roof based on what we’ve mentioned above. It’s cheaper, more environmentally friendly and, generally, easier to repair should something happen.