# Quick Answer: How do you express a roof pitch?

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The pitch can be expressed numerically as a fraction. The pitch fraction represents a certain amount of vertical rise over the entire span. For example, given a roof with a rise of 4 feet and a span of 24 feet, the pitch is “1 to 6” pitch, which can be expressed as the fraction of 1/6.

## How do you describe roof pitch?

Roof pitch (or slope) tells you how many inches the roof rises for every 12 inches in depth. An Example of a roof pitch would be a “6/12 pitch” which means that the roof rises 6 ” for every 12″ inward towards the peak (or ridge).

## How is the slope of a roof expressed?

Slope is the incline of the roof expressed as a ratio of the vertical rise of the horizontal run, where the run is some portion of the span. This ratio is always expressed as inches per foot. A roof that rises 4 inches for every 1 foot or 12 inches of run is said to have a “4 in 12” slope.

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## What does a 4/12 pitch mean?

Roof slopes are most commonly defined by the rise-over-run ratio. If a roof slope “rises”, say, 4 inches when measured 12 inches along the bottom of a horizontal roof truss, the roof slope is said to be 4:12; i.e., 4 inches of rise per 12 inches (one foot) of run.

## What is a 2% roof pitch?

Standard Roof Pitches

1:12 8.3% 4.8°
2:12 16.7% 9.5°
3:12 25% 14°
4:12 33.3% 18.4°

## What is normal pitch of roof?

Conventional slope roofs are most common with residential roofs. This means the slope has a pitch between 4/12 and 9/12 on most homes. Roofs with a pitch exceeding 9/12 are called steep slope roofs.

## What pitch is too steep to walk?

Most roofers consider a roof a “ Walk “ until it is 8/12 or more. So a common roof pitch of 4/12 or 6/12 would be OK to walk on . An 8/12 roof or steeper usually requires roof jacks or scaffolding .

## Is roof slope same as roof pitch?

The pitch is the measurement of the rise of the roof to the span of the roof and is expressed as a fraction. … The slope is the measurement of the rise of the roof to the run of the roof, and is expressed as inches per foot in a ratio format.

## Is slope the same as pitch?

The term “pitch” and “slope” are often used interchangeably, which is incorrect. They do not mean the same thing. … Remember, slope is expressed as a ratio and in inches per foot. And pitch is a fraction derived by dividing the rise by the entire span.

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## How do you determine the height of a roof pitch?

The angle, or pitch, of a roof is calculated by the number of inches it rises vertically for every 12 inches it extends horizontally. For example, a roof that rises 6 inches for every 12 inches of horizontal run has a 6-in-12 pitch.

## What does a 2 12 roof pitch look like?

A 2/12 roof slope means your roof has 2 inches of vertical drop for every 12 inches of horizontal distance. Simply put, it’s a shallow roof. That means the roof doesn’t shed water as easily as steeper roofs, which is why choosing the right type of roofing material is so important.

## How do you determine the peak height of a roof?

Calculate the height of your roofing surface using the width and pitch. For example, if your roof is 20 feet wide and has a pitch of 1/2 (which means it rises 6 inches in height for every 1 foot of width), the height of your roofing surface from base to peak is 10 feet.

## Is a 7/12 roof pitch walkable?

The roof’s pitch is the angle of the roof, usually presented as the inches of vertical “rise” over 12 inches of horizontal “run.” Generally anything above a 7/12 is considered a non-walkable roof and requires some extra equipment and usually some extra cost to the customer.

## What is the lowest pitch roof you can put shingles on?

The minimum roof pitch for shingles is a 2:12 pitch.

Shingles aren’t meant to hold or have sitting water on them. Because of this, the shingle manufacturer’s installation instructions and building codes state you can’t install asphalt shingles on a roof with a pitch below 2:12.

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## What roof pitch is 20 degrees?

Chart: Slopes in Degrees Converted to Standard Roof Pitch

Convert Roof Slope from Degrees to Rise-in-Run
18° 3.899 in 12
19° 4.132 in 12
20° 4.368 in 12
21° 4.606 in 12