For most home styles, roof pitches fall in a range 4/12 (a moderate) slope up to 8/12 (fairly steep). Examples of extreme slopes range from 1/4:12 (almost flat) to 12/12 (sloping down at a perfect 45-degree angle).
What is the standard slope of a roof?
The majority of North American residential roofs have historically been constructed with a slope between about 4:12 and 9:12. Roofs at the lower end of the range (about 4:12 to 6:12) are relatively easy to walk and work on. (As always proper safety equipment and precautions must be followed when working on any roof).
How much should a flat roof slope?
A flat roof is generally any roof with a pitch of 1-10 degrees. That means flat roofs aren’t actually flat. It may look horizontal but often has a minimum slope of 1/4 inch per foot. This allows water to run off the roof to prevent damage.
What is the code minimum for roof slope?
The minimum roof slope allowed by code for any type of roof is ⅛-in-12 (0.60 degrees), applicable only to coal tar pitch roof systems. All other flat roof materials require a minimum slope of ¼-in-12, which is why flat roofs are properly known as “low-slope” roofs.
What is considered a high pitch roof?
A roof with a high pitch is commonly 6/12 – or 6 inches in height for every 12 inches across. When making roof decisions, many people think these roofs require more materials and cost more money. Thus, they are often tempted to go with a low slope. However, 6/12 and higher rooftops are valuable—and for good reason.
What is the most popular roof pitch?
Common Roof Pitches
The most commonly used roof pitches fall in a range between 4/12 and 9/12. Pitches lower than 4/12 have a slight angle, and they are defined as low-slope roofs. Pitches of less than 2/12 are considered flat roofs, even though they may be very slightly angled.
What is the correct fall for a flat roof?
What Pitch is a Flat Roof? If flat roofs are to work well, they have to have a slope, known as a fall, to shed rainwater. The fall should never be less than 1:80 and preferably about 1:40.
What is the minimum slope for water flow?
Generally, minimum slope for water to run off is 1% (1/8″ per 1′).
How do you calculate the slope of a roof?
How to Calculate Roof Pitch in Degrees
- First, you need to measure the run of your roof. …
- Next, you need to figure out the rise. …
- Now, divide the rise by the run. …
- Then, divide 1 by your tangent.
- Finally, multiply this result by 180/π and you’ve calculated your roof pitch!
Is a roof with a minimum pitch for drainage?
For drainage purposes, the current building codes require a minimum two percent slope or a one-fourth unit vertical for every 12 units horizontal. In other words, the roof must slope one-fourth of an inch for every 12 inches. … However, a two-percent slope is plenty of pitch for proper water drainage.
Does a roof have to be a certain pitch?
A: Roof pitches traditionally range from 12.5° (anything less is considered a flat roof) up to 75°. The key is ensuring the correct roofing products that are suitable for the roof pitch.
What pitch Should a roof be UK?
A typical roof pitch in the UK for a traditional house will be 40°-50° but at the extreme can go up to 70° (above 70° would actually be called a wall!) Part of the choice of pitch is down to the architect and different period homes will have different pitches which are more “aesthetically pleasing” to the designer.
Are steep roofs less likely to leak?
Because they’re so much steeper, rain doesn’t have the chance to create puddles. Instead, the water quickly runs off the roof and into gutters where it’s properly drained and isn’t given the chance to do damage to your home. This minimizes roof damage and leaks. … It’s just one more advantage to steep roofs.
Is a higher pitch roof better?
Fewer snow worries: Even without cold roof systems, a steep roof generally is better inside a snowy environment. … Ice will melt more easily on the steep slope and prevent the build-up of ice dams or patches which may force moisture down into the roof.
Is a 7/12 roof pitch walkable?
The roof’s pitch is the angle of the roof, usually presented as the inches of vertical “rise” over 12 inches of horizontal “run.” Generally anything above a 7/12 is considered a non-walkable roof and requires some extra equipment and usually some extra cost to the customer.