You can use either 2×6 or 2×4 rafters for roofs with a 3/12 pitch or greater, but it depends on the overall size of your shed. For roofs that won’t experience heavy snow loads, a gable roof can span up to 22′ with 2×4 rafters.
What size wood should I use for my rafters?
Max. Live Load 20 lbs/ft2 (956 N/m2)
|Maximum Span (ft – in)|
|Nominal Size (inches)||Rafter Spacing, Center to Center, OC (inches)||Lumber Grade|
|2 x 8||16||19′ – 7”|
|2 x 10||12||27′ – 6”|
What size board is used for roof rafters?
Most Common Thickness
For rafters spaced 20 or more inches apart, 1/2- or 5/8-inch plywood is recommended. The most common rafter spacing is 24 inches, and 5/8-inch plywood is recommended for that. It will support roof loads for most situations and is the standard for most roof applications.
How far can I span a 2×6 Rafter?
A 2×6 spaced 16 inches apart can span a maximum distance of 13 feet 5 inches when used as a rafter, 10 feet 9 inches when used as a joist, and 6 feet 11 inches when used as a deck beam to support joists with a 6-foot span.
What kind of wood do you use for roof rafters?
Kiln-dried Douglas fir wood presents the number one choice for building a rafter-styled roof in a wood frame house.
Is 7/16 OSB OK for roofing?
Standard types of wood designed for roof sheathing are oriented strand board, known as OSB, and plywood, the most popular being OSB. Sheets of 7/16-inch thick, without edge support, can be used in an area where the snow load is 30 pounds per square foot.
Can I use 2×4 for ceiling joists?
A 2×4 can span a maximum of 6′ 7” when spaced 16” apart and used as a floor or deck joist. When used as a ceiling joist or a roof rafter, a 2×4 can span up to 7′ 3” spaced at 16”, and 6′ 4” when spaced 24” apart. Due to the small spans of 2x4s, they often are not used in horizontal load-bearing capacities.
How far can a 2×8 rafter span without support?
But first, generally, how far can a 2×8 span without support? Depending on various factors, the maximum span for a 2×8 floor joist is 16′ 6”. The maximum span for roof rafters is 23′ 9”. For headers, the maximum span is 11′ 2”.
How far can a 4×8 rafter span?
lists 14’6″ as the max allowable span for 4×8 rafter.
Can I use pressure treated wood for roof rafters?
Can you use pressure-treated wood for roof rafters? – Quora. Yes you can but you don’t need to and it would significantly increase your overall price!
What is stronger 4×6 or 2 2×6?
In general, the bending strength of a beam is directly proportional to its width and directly proportional to the square of its height. In the bottom case the 4×6 is theoretically 2² = 4 times as strong as a single 2×6, but since there are two of them it is only twice as strong as two2x6s.
How far can you span a roof without support?
A common roof truss can span up to 80′ without support. Many factors affect this number, such as the size of lumber used in the truss, the slope of the roof, potential snow load, and the type of truss used.
Do you need pressure treated wood for roof?
As long as there’s a good chance that moisture can reach the wood, it should be pressure treated. This is why the International Building Code requires that siding and structural lumber used for the last six inches of the structure above the ground is pressure treated.
What is the most popular wood species for roof joists and rafters?
The most popular wood species for roof joists and rafters are; European oak and Accoya roofing timbers.